The Count of Setubal (Edward of Norwich Book 2)
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The monarchs of Portugal ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of Portugal, in , to the deposition of the Portuguese monarchy and creation of the Portuguese Republic with the 5 October revolution. Through the nearly years in which Portugal was a monarchy, the kings held various other titles and pretensions.
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When the house of Habsburg came into power, the kings of Spain, Naples, and Sicily also became kings of Portugal. After the demise of the Portuguese monarchy, in , Portugal almost restored its monarchy in a revolution known as the Monarchy of the North, though the attempted restoration only lasted a month before destruction. With Manuel II's death, the Miguelist branch of the house of Braganza became the pretenders to the throne of Portugal. They have all been acclaimed.
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As a clergyman, he was bound to chastity, and as such, had no children to succeed him, and thus an end to the House of Aviz. His death led to the Portuguese succession crisis of and ultimately to the year Iberian Union that saw Portugal share a monarch with that of Spain. The next independent monarch of Portugal would be John IV, who took the throne after 60 years of Spanish rule.
He was heir apparent to the British throne and held the title of Prince of Wales for longer than any of his predecessors. During the long reign of his mother, he was largely excluded from political power, and came to personify the fashionable, leisured elite. He travelled throughout Britain performing ceremonial public duties, and represented Britain on visits abroad.
His tours of North America in and the Indian subcontinent in were popular successes, but despite public approval his reputation as a playboy prince soured his relationship with his mother. Sebastian I is often referred to as The Desired Portuguese: o Desejado or The Asleep Portuguese: o Adormecido , as the Portuguese people longed for his return to end the decline of Portugal that began after his death.
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He is considered to be the Portuguese example of the king in the mountain legend as Portuguese tradition states his return, in a foggy dawn, on Portugal's greatest hour of need. Sebastian was born shortly after eight in the morning of 20 Jan. His name is associated with a period of Portuguese history distinguished by significant achievements both in political affairs and in the arts. In spite of Portugal's small size and population in comparison to the great European land powers of France, Italy and even Spain, the classical Portuguese Armada was the largest in the world at the time.
During Manuel's reign Portugal was able to acquire an overseas empire of vast proportions, the first in world history to reach global dimensions. The landmark symbol of the period was the Portuguese discovery of Brazil and South America in April For a long time, this painting was mistakenly interpreted as a depiction of King Manuel's third wedding, to Eleanor of Austria, in It was rumoured that their marriage had never been consummated due to the king's impotence.
Henry and Joan shared the same maternal grandparents; Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque making them first cousins. They also shared the same paternal great-grandfather; John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster making them second cousins. In February , six years after Joan's marriage to Henry, she gave birth to a daughter, a. In , Ferdinand fled the country looking for adventure. Some say he wanted to go to the north African cities controlled by the Portuguese; others say that he wanted to join his uncle, the King Alfonso I of Naples, in his campaigns in southern Italy.
It seems Ferdinand had the hope to inherit his uncle's kingdom, as he had no legitimate children.
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His long reign of 50 years was the second longest in medieval England after that of his great-grandfather Henry III and saw vital developments in legislation and government, in particular the evolution of the English parliament, as well as the ravages of the Black Death. Edward was crowned at age fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer.
After a successful campaign in Scotland he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in This started what be. The descendants of King John I were still also Masters of Aviz, though at times that title passed to one descendant of John and the Crown of Portugal to another. The title of Grand Master of the Order of Aviz was permanently incorporated into the Portuguese Crown toward the end of rule by the House of Aviz, in Edward is an English given name.
Variant forms Look up Edward Translations in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The name has been adopted in the Iberian peninsula since the 15th century, due to Edward, King of Portugal, whose mother was English.
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Edward can be abbreviated as Edw. He was created Prince of Wales on his sixteenth birthday, nine weeks after his father succeeded as king. As a young man, Edward served in the British Army during the First World War and undertook several overseas tours on behalf of his father. Edward became king on his father's death. However, he showed impatience with court protocol, and caused concern among politicians by his apparent disregard for established constitutional conventions.
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Only months into his reign,. Life Catherine was born in Lisbon on 26 November Like her sisters Joan and Eleanor she was considered ambitious, shrewd and willful. She was promised to marry Charles IV of Navarre but he died before the marriage could take place and her brother, after securing the marriages of her sisters to the King of Castile and the Holy Roman Emperor, had no further need of marriage alliances with other houses. Thus, Catherine turned to a religious life in the Convent of Saint Claire.
She was a cultivated infanta author of many books regarding morality and religion. She died on 17 June and is buried in Lisbon at the Carmo Convent. Ancestry Ancestors of Catherine of Portugal Afonso IV of Portugal 8. Beatrice of Castile. She was the third eldest daughter, but her two older sisters died when they were young, leaving Eleanor as the eldest surviving daughter.
When her father died five days before her fourth birthday, Eleanor's brother Afonso V succeeded him as king with her mother as regent. The following March, her mother gave birth to another daughter, Joan, who would become the notorious wife of Henry IV of Castile.
In , Eleanor's mother was forced to go into exile in Castile after losing litigation against her brother-in-law Peter, Duke of Coimbra, for the regency of the young K. The marriage was opposed by the governments of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth. Religious, legal, political, and moral objections were raised. As British monarch, Edward was the nominal head of the Church of England, which did not then allow divorced people to remarry in church if their ex-spouses were still alive.
For this reason, it was widely believed that Edward could not marry Simpson and remain on the throne.
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It was widely assumed by the Establishment that she was driven by love of money or positio. During his reign, the Spanish kingdoms reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age. Philip led a highly debt-leveraged regime, seeing state bankruptcies in , , , , and This policy was partly the cause of the declaration of independ.
He was a disciple of Bartholomew of Braga. The funeral was the largest gathering of European royalty ever to take place, with representatives of 70 states, and the last before many royal families were deposed in World War I and its aftermath. Huge crowds gathered to watch the procession, which passed from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Hall, where a small ceremony was conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Randall Davidson, before a small group of official mourners — the late King's widow Queen Alexandra, his son King George V, his daughter The Princess Victoria, his brother the Duke of Connaught, and his nephew the German Emperor.
The remainder of the funeral party waited outside the Hall, consisting of thousands of people. Big Ben, the bell in the nearby clock tower, was rung 68 times, one for each year of Edward VI. Born into the royal family of England, her marriage secured the Treaty of Windsor and produced several children who became known as the "Illustrious Generation" in Portugal. Philippa's mother, Blanche, died in Her father remarried in to Infanta Constance of Castile, daughter of King Peter of Castile and on Constance's death in , he married his former mistress, Katherine Swynford, who had been Philippa's.
John succeeded his father in , at the age of nineteen. During his rule, Portuguese possessions were extended in Asia and in the New World through the Portuguese colonization of Brazil. On the eve of his death in , the Portuguese empire had a global dimension and spanned almost 1 billion acres about 4 million square kilometers. During his reign, the Portuguese became the first Europeans to make contact with both Chi.
He is known for re-establishing the power of the Portuguese monarchy, reinvigorating the Portuguese economy, and renewing his country's exploration of Africa and the Orient. Early life Born in Lisbon, the son of King Afonso V of Portugal by his wife, Isabella of Coimbra, John II succeeded his father as ruler of Portugal in , when the king retired to a monastery, but only became king in , after the death of his father and predecessor. As a prince, John II accompanied his father in the campaigns in northern Africa and was made a knight after the victory in the Conquest of Arzila in In , he married Leonor of Viseu, an infanta of Portugal and his first cousin.
Even at a young age, John was not popular among the peers of the kingdom since he was immune to external influence an. He was the first Portuguese king to die a violent death since Sebastian in Early life The baptism of D. He had an intense education and was prepared to rule as a constitutional monarch. In , he traveled to Italy, the United Kingdom, France and Germany, where he increased his knowledge of the modern civilization of his time. In , and , he ruled as regent as his father was travelin.
Born during the reign of his grandmother Queen Victoria, George was third in the line of succession behind his father, Prince Albert Edward, and his own elder brother, Prince Albert Victor. From to , George served in the Royal Navy, until the unexpected death of his elder brother in early put him directly in line for the throne. He became king-emperor on his father's death in George V's reign saw the rise of socialism, communism, fascism, Irish republicanism, and the Indian independence movement, all of which radically changed the political landscape.
The Parliament Act established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the unelected House of. Edward I of England — was King of England from to Known as "Bertie" among his family and close friends, George VI was born in the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, and was named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort. As the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne, and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. In , he was made Duke of York. In the mids, he had speech therapy for a stammer, which he never fully overcame.
George's elder brother ascended t. Similar statuettes of six further children appeared on the north side, now lost drawing of the six surviving bronze statuettes on the south side of the base of the tomb of King Edward III in Westminster Abbey, representing some of his progeny Edward's sons' arms appear over the Great Gate of Trinity College, Cambridge: York, Clarence, Wales, Hatfield, Lancaster, and Gloucester. The following list outlines the genealogy supporting male heirs ascendant to the throne during the conflict, and the roles of their cousins.